Early Australian Discoveries Pre-Federation
CHRONOLOGY
1606 Willem JANSZOON in the Duyfken sailed along west and south New Guinea coasts, then entered the Gulf of Carpentaria. He followed Australia's coast to Cape Keerweer and then turned the Duyfken around whilst still in Qld.
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1616Dirk HARTOG in the Eendracht discovered Australia's west coast at Latitude 26S.
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1619Frederik de Houtman and Jacob d'Edel on west coast of Australia at Latitude 32S (Edel Land) and discovered group of reefs and islands known as Houtman's Abrolhos.
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1622South west cape of Australia is named Landt van de Leeuwin after the ship Leeuwin. English ship Tryal is wrecked on Montebello Islands in Western Australia. (first known Britons to reach Australia)
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1623Jan Carstensz with yachts Pera and Arnhem followed Duyfken's course along south coast of Neavou Guinea and down west coast of Cape York Peninsula. Arnhem skirted north east coast of Arnhem Land.
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1627Frans Thyssen and Pieter Nuyts in Gulden Seepaart reached Nuyts Archipelago and sailed west for 1,500 kilometres to Cape Leeuwin.
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1628Gerrit de Witt in Vyanen sailed about 300 kilometres along north-west coast of Australia to about Port Hedland.
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1629Francois Pelsart in Batavia ends up wrecked on Albrohos Island. He took 8 of the crew in ship's boat to Batavia and returned to rescue survivors.
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1636Pieter Pieterzoon explored north coast of Arnhem Land.
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1642
1643
Abel Janszoon Tasman with Heemskerk and Zeehaven discovered and annexed for Holland, Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) and Staten Land (New Zealand) and sailed along coasts of New Guinea and New Ireland.
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1644Abel Tasman with Limmen, Zeemeeuw and Bracq skirted south coast of New Guinea, followed Australian coastline from Gulf of Carpentaria to North West Cape. Name New Holland generally accepted for all land lying west of line between Cape York Penninsula and Van Diemen's Land.
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1645Dutch East India Company abandons exploration in Australia as unprofitable.
1656Pieter Albertsz in the Vergulde Draeck wrecked on West Australian coast about Latitude 3040'S and survivors head for Batavia.
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1688William Dampier / Capt. Swann aboard the Cygnet with Captain Read on Buccaneer Archipelago (north west coast of Australia).
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1697Willem de Vlamingh, with Geelvink, Nyptangh and Wezeltje names Swan River in Western Australia and examines the coast northward to North West Cape.
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1699William Dampier returns in the Roebuck to examine the north-west coast of Australia.
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1705Martin Van Delft with Vossenbosch, Waijer and Nova Holland on north coast of Australia. (last Dutch voyage of discovery).
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1768Louis Antoine de Bouganville reached the Great Barrier Reef on Queensland coast. and turned north to Orangerie Bay where he discovered Bouganville Island.
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1768Captain James Cook discovered the east coast of Australia and sailed through Torres Strait. He claimed the east coast from Lat 38S to Posession Island.
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1772Marion Du Fresne landed in Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand and annexed New Zealand as 'France Australe'. French ship Le Gros Ventre sailed from Cape Leeuwin to Shark Bay in WA. Captain de St Allouarn claimed the land for France.
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1777
1779
Captain James Cook's third voyage visited Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand (Cooks Strait)
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